panoply n : a complete and impressive array
- A splendid display of something.
- 1961, J. A. Philip, "Mimesis in the Sophistês of Plato,"
Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological
Association, vol. 92, p. 459,
- Even though we cannot affirm that the products of mimesis are invested in the panoply of existence.
- 1961, J. A. Philip, "Mimesis in the Sophistês of Plato," Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, vol. 92, p. 459,
- Ceremonial garments, complete with all accessories.
- A complete set of armour.
- In the context of "by extension": Something that covers and protects.
A panoply is a complete suit of armour. The word represents the ancient Greek πανοπλια. The word παν means "all", and όπλον, "arms". Thus "panoply" refers to the full armour of a hoplite or heavy-armed soldier, i.e. the shield, breastplate, helmet and greaves, together with the sword and lance.
As applied to armour of a later date, panoply did not come into use till the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th century, and was then used of the complete suits of plate-armour covering the whole body.
Because a panoply is a complete set of diverse components, the word panoply has come to refer to any complete or impressive collection. As heavy armour is rarely worn in the present age, this latter meaning is the more common in modern usage.
panoply in Spanish: Panoplia
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